Politicians by and large today praise the present procedures being followed as laid down, but certainly there are several analogies in implementation of a large number of Articles in our Constitutions which glaringly require a re-look. While good Governance of the Country must be Parliaments Prime Concern for the People of India, it is for both the Government and the Parliament to also ensure that the Contribution that they generate must further ensure the implementation of various Articles which are laid down in the Constitution as of today, in order to help in further developing the Economy and removing CORRUPTION AT THE TOP LEVEL.


The Constitution of India came into being on 26th Jan, 1950. On 29th August 1947 a drafting committee was formed for writing the Constitution, with Dr.B.R Ambedkar as the Chairman along with Acharya Kriplani, Pandit Nehru, Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant, Maulana Azad, Sardar Patel and Dr Rajindra Parsad along with many other Members. A Draft Constitution was prepared by the Committee and they submitted the same on 4 Nov, 1947. Subsequently the Assembly met, in sessions to discuss the Constitution which was open to the public. Discussions lasted for 166 days, spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before the Constitution was adapted and passed. After many deliberations and some modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two-written copies of the Document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24th Jan, 1950 and two days later, on 26th Jan, 1950 the Constitution of India became the Law of the Land.

Politicians today praise the present procedures being followed as laid down in our Constitution but certainly there are several analogies in implementation of a large number of Articles which glaringly require a relook. While good Governance of the Country must be Parliaments Prime Concern for the People of India, it is for both the Government and the Parliament to also ensure that the Contribution that they generate must further ensure the IMPLEMENTATION of various Articles which are laid down in the Constitution as of today, in order to help in further developing the Economy and removing CORRUPTION AT THE TOP LEVEL, thereby elevating the Cultural and Economic Standards required for the Citizens, who unfortunately are being affected in every State due to non performance of Politicians. One cannot brush aside the fact that Parliament today has become a sort of “Akhara” where NO business is allowed to be transacted, but shouting, slogans and fist fights are becoming a normal feature. Proceedings in both Houses are repeatedly disturbed and important Bills are not passed. People do not want a debate but desire that what they say must happen and the House is not in a mood to ensure progress for the People as laid down in the Constitution.

How workable therefore is the present Indian Constitution in the context of the rapidly changing situation whereby we have today twenty Nine States and seven Union Territories as compared to India of 1947 in which we had 136 Jurisdictional States which were subsequently merged, some joining voluntarily and a number of them when they were forced to join the Indian Union for better Governance and Administration as India had justly gained Independence?
It now becomes clear that if the Rights of the Citizens today are, denied for too long it may have a cascading effect on the total Governance of the Country as per the prevailing conditions. The Rights that are being denied have to be identified and some of them are the Right to Food, Health, Shelter, Work, Medicine, Security, Human Values and many more. It is also mandatory for the Government that all CITIZENS be allowed the Right to Express and Associate themselves in any movement since our Houses of Parliament are ineffective in delivering. The responsibility to implement the Rights, need not necessarily be through the Government but, Individual Organizations, Institutions, the Private and Public Sectors and Society itself can also help together and we should be able to see the progress which will then be enjoyed by the Citizens. A new approach for a correction has therefore to be thought of now. Some Rights specifically are required to be debated and mentioned in the Chapter of Fundamental Rights. By not giving these Rights the People today are becoming Dependent on the Center & the States to which they belong and do not even start to do things on their own. What about the Doles announced by some States to the People without work? The Indian Public today perceives that all activities done through the Private Sector are better appreciated as against the Public Sector undertakings. The Public Sector must also ensure the Principles of the Right to work and help the People to survive where ever they are operating.
The Constitution today lays down the Fundamental Rights, but I feel that a time has come when they should also think of GOVERNMENTS FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES. Law gives the Right but no Right can exist without the Citizen realizing his corresponding Duties. I feel that a Citizen must be therefore educated about his Rights as also towards his Duties which would be a very important responsibility for both the Government and the States. Our Constitution does not make any mention about the Fundamental Duties to be discharged by the Citizen except that in the Forty Second Amendment some mention is made which has been included as a Separate Chapter.

The Parliamentary System prevalent today does not provide us a stable Government which has worked for approximately 4 to 5 Decades, but now we are not in a position to even give an assurance that a Government would even last for a reasonable period of time let alone successfully complete its term. Do we realize that such kind of instability cannot be in the interest of the Country nor does it enhance Development? On the contrary it makes India Vulnerable and Weak. Why cannot we think and workout a Presidential Form of Government OR A MAXIMUM OF TWO – THREE PARTIES who are to fight the Election, which to my mind will also help not only in efficiency of implementation of Policies but also cut expenses and reduce Corruption at all levels. This does not mean that we follow the American pattern but surely we can work out a pattern where there is some Devolution of Power to the STATES, who can then take Independent decisions for improvement in their respective areas.
When we achieved Freedom, we adopted a Monarchial System of Governance, based on the British Pattern and with added amendments; we thought that our requirements would be adequately taken care of. We can also now think of a Presidential Form of Government, some thing to suit our present short comings in which some Devolution of Power must be given to the People of our States, if we want all round progress as also implementation of Projects for the People whose Regional Aspirations in the States have become very strong as the People are sure as to what they want? By doing so we shall certainly be able to effectively also control Corruption which to my mind can be stopped not by starting at the Top Levels but we can ensure that People orientated projects must be planned and controlled at the Lowest Levels of working Panchyats. I say this after sensing the mood of the PEOPLE. Anna Hazare has already broken away. The People who joined to swell the numbers were not his “Bhagats” or Followers but they were our Countrymen who could feel that Corruption today prevails everywhere which each one of them must have gone through in their daily businesses. It is a fact that today the level of Corruption has percolated right down the line because the Top Most Level of Decision Making is totally involved in collecting money and doling out Favors, without exception. There is clinching and convincing evidence available whereby Decision Makers are found helping Persons and Organizations, right from the time one asks for a Parliamentary Ticket for fighting an Election or putting up a Project as the Government becomes the DECISION MAKER and no one else matters. Due to this it is imperative that we must ensure that we delegate power right down to the Gram Panchayats. These Panchayats must be elected without any interference by the Local MLA. The Constitution of these Panchayats must be based on 50% of seats which must be reserved for Ladies.

The Muncipal Corporations also must be elected without fear or favour, with 50% seats reserved for Women. There should also be a strict Code of Conduct that any interference or malpractice during these Elections would be severely dealt with.
The People of Indian in some cases have found themselves in situations where justice has not been done to them and they sometimes have successfully also fought the situation. Why can’t the Constitution as of Today be reviewed in the present situation which we find ourselves in.
It is not that Autonomy should be granted to the States like what we are talking about in JAMMU & KASHMIR, Autonomy must not be allowed to be given, but certainly because of the Aspirations of the People they should be given more Powers to progress Economically as also Culturally. The Centre must continue to have control over subjects like Defence, Foreign Affairs, Procurement of Weapons, some Fiscal control and so on but have one Head who should either be designated as a PM, CEO, PRESIDENT, call him what you want but not the present position that is prevailing whereby we are neither following the Presidential Form of Government nor a strong Executive PM who can over rule subjects, matters and lay down fiscal policies to be followed. Because of this India’s growth is being seriously hampered both Economically and Militarily. We are still thinking on the British pattern which also we cannot follow because of the REGIONAL ASPIRATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.


We must improve our understanding to meet the aspirations of the People as the whole, because of which even Parliament is not being allowed to function for whatever reason it may be and there by paralyze a Govt in Power where no result accrues for the People!!! The Executive machinery also requires a lot of improvement and must show greater grit and understanding in the working system. We must thank the Judiciary who are doing a great Service for the People of the Country as also keeping their eyes open towards the CORRUPTIONS and they Must be Praised for the part they play. In the end the Union Government, States and all Administrations right down to the Village and Pancahayts level must come in direct contact with the People at the lowest level. All States must ensure that Elections are free and fair and held right from the District, Taluka and Local Bodies and the Funds allocated must be executed as per requirements and they be given a free hand to perform with Supervision of the Elected Body in the Villages. It is important that the Law Makers must never become the Law Breakers. Distribution of Power down the line should be considered. Society is developing with great hopes on the Parliament. What is the purpose of making Laws? It is to fulfill the needs of Modern Society. When Society is today dynamic in nature, the Law and the State must also keep pace and fulfill the needs of the People. The Judiciary will guide & protect the Strategy and Provisions of Law.
Smooth functioning of Parliament which is very important today and it is most unpleasant to read the daily news “NO BUSINESS TRANSECTED IN PARLIAMENT FOR 12TH DAY BOTH HOUSES ADJOURNED”. What a wonderful way to extract money from the Country for these wonderful People who represent us.
Can we forget the time when the Country was being Governed by getting together Parties when is a short span of time 1996-97-98 there were three Prime Ministers who were changed. IS THIS COALITION POLITICS? MUST CEASE
Let the Country today give an astounding and overwhelming victory in the Polls ahead to the one who deserves and may India Enjoy greater stability and growth in the years to come. Simultaneously we must think of changing some of the procedures to change the Special Provisions of the Constitution under ARTICLE 368, which is the Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedures therefore.




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